Gut 'tastes' sugar differently in type 2 diabetes

The way your intestine "tastes" sweet foods might not work properly in Type 2 diabetics, resulting in problems with sugar absorption, a new study reveals.

The discovery of these sweet "taste receptors" in the gut could provide critical information about how and why diabetics experience health and nutrition problems, said researchers at the University of Adelaide.

Richard Young, senior postdoctoral researcher in the nerve-gut research laboratory, said in a university news release:

When we talk about 'sweet taste', most people think of tasting sweet food on our tongue, but scientists have discovered that sweet taste receptors are present in a number of sites in the human body. We're now just beginning to understand the importance of the sweet taste receptors in the human intestine and what this means for sufferers of Type 2 diabetes."

Glucose regulation affected

In the study, which included 14 healthy adults and 13 with Type 2 diabetes, Young found that the sweet taste receptors in the intestines of healthy adults enabled their bodies to regulate glucose uptake 30 minutes after the receptors detected it. Yet, people with Type 2 diabetes were found to have receptors that resulted in faster glucose uptake.

"When sweet taste receptors in the intestine detect glucose, they trigger a response that may regulate the way glucose is absorbed by the intestine," Young said. "Our studies show that in diabetes patients, the glucose is absorbed more rapidly and in greater quantities than in healthy adults."

The findings are important because they show that diabetes is not just a disorder that is rooted in the pancreas and insulin, Young said, but that the gut plays a much larger role than researchers previously thought.

"This is because the body's own management of glucose uptake may rely on the actions of sweet taste receptors, and these appear to be abnormally controlled in people with Type 2 diabetes," Young concluded.

Source: Health Day

Get a Free Diabetes Meal Plan

Get a free 7-Day Diabetes Meal Plan from Constance Brown-Riggs who is a Registered Dietitian-Certified Diabetes Educator and who is also a national spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association.

Just enter in your email below to download your free Diabetes Meal Plan.

By clicking Submit, you agree to send your info to InformationAboutDiabetes.com who may contact you with updates and information and we agree to use it according to our privacy policy.

More Articles

Avandia (rosiglitazone) and Actos (pioglitazone), known as the thiazolidinediones, are oral drugs used to treat Type 2...

Regular diabetic testing is essential for proper management of diabetes. Depending on the severity of the diabetes, a diabetic may be...

When diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, many people panic and are concerned that their life is over. In fact, if the...

Oil pulling therapy derives from Ayurveda, a holistic healing system developed thousands of years ago in India. Ayurvedic medicine maintains that...

There are many causes for both male and female hair loss, including heredity, diet and illness. Could taking prescription insulin be one more...

More Articles

Doctors use regular assessments of their diabetic patients not only to monitor the progress of the disease but also as opportunities to counsel...

Every body needs insulin, an essential hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates blood sugar by converting glucose into energy. Diabetics...

People are not the only beings who suffer from diabetes. Any mammal with a pancreas can develop the disease through a lack of or impaired insulin...

When is diabetes not really diabetes? When it is Diabetes Insipidus. Diabetes Insipidus is a rare disorder not related to diabetes mellitus,...

When news stations feature stories about diabetes, they tend to include a shot of an overweight body, calling attention to the person's excess...

The most well-known variations of diabetes are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes....

Those who have not yet been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes can greatly reduce their susceptibility by doing one key...

There are those who have heard of the term "diabetes mellitus," but might not be familiar with it. Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in...

Not only is dry skin uncomfortable, but scratched or cracked skin is also susceptible to bacterial and fungal infections – common medical...

=It’s helpful to know the difference between a food’s total grams of carbohydrate, and net grams of carbohydrate since only net carbs affect blood...

Eating LCHF, or a Low Carb High Fat diet, is a bit mind-bending for those of us who have learned to consume low-fat and lean. In many respects, it...

A 1-minute quiz could predict whether or not you're at risk for prediabetes. More than 1 in 3 adults in the U.S. have prediabetes, which - left...

The human body needs chromium, a trace mineral, for several essential functions including the normalizing of...

Do not let pictures of yoga experts with their bodies twisted into bizarre, compact shapes fool you. Even people with stiff muscles, creaky joints...

It can be difficult enough to get on stage and make a roomful of strangers laugh, but for comedians suffering from type 1 or type 2 diabetes,...