Bariatric surgery can substantially reduce risk of type 2 diabetes

Weight-loss surgery, like gastric bypass or gastric band surgery, can reduce type 2 diabetes risk in about 80 percent of obese individuals, according to new research published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

A total of 2,167 obese adults without diabetes were part of the study, all of whom had undergone one of three surgical weight-loss procedures: the laparoscopic band, the sleeve, or gastric bypass.

These individuals were then compared with the same number of control patients who were a match for BMI, age, gender and blood sugar control - but who did not have any type of weight-loss surgery.

Diabetes incidence

In patients who had weight-loss surgery, diabetes was reduced by about 80 percent. This statistic remained true even after researchers controlled for factors like smoking, high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

During follow-up, which lasted for a maximum of seven years, 38 new cases of type 2 diabetes were recorded among people who had undergone weight loss surgery, while 177 cases were recorded in control patients.

"Our results suggest that bariatric surgery may be a highly effective method of preventing the onset of new diabetes in men and women with severe obesity," said Martin Gulliford, study author and Professor of Public Health at King's College London, UK. "We need to understand how weight-loss surgery can be used, together with interventions to increase physical activity and promote healthy eating, as part of an overall diabetes prevention strategy."

Source: The Lancet

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