India: Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Rising Among Children
A study based in Chennai, India, indicates that children are joining a growing, yet alarming trend. Many Indian Children and adolescents are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Between January 1992 and December 2009, more than 350 patients were registered, according to a report in Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics. Nearly 26 percent of these patients were diagnosed before the age of 15. Dr. V. Mohan of the Diabetes Specialties Center said, "In the private sector schools, we see a lot of children, some as young as seven years old with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 is uncommon among children, type 1 being the more common condition traditionally. However, this seems to be changing."
Lifestyle, Affluence, and Gender Play a Role
Scientists said that lifestyle played a huge role in the development of type 2 diabetes. "If there was a high genetic load and the children had a healthy lifestyle, they are not likely to get type 2 diabetes at this age," said Dr. Mohan.
With 200 of the total 368 cases falling on females, those that analyzed the data noticed girls became type 2 diabetics more often, with 54 percent of the patients being female and 46 percent being male. BMI and family history also played a role in the development of the disease.
Affluence also played a major role. Children from more affluent homes were more likely to develop the disease; however, researchers think it will also reach the lower income families. "The problem has not yet come down to the lower income groups, but our guess that it is only a matter of time," said Mohan.
To address this alarming trend, the Research Society for the Study of Diabetes in India is set for October. Dr. Mohan is president of the society and chairperson of the conference. Other diabetes management research will also be discussed.