High Diabetes Risk May Be Predictable Years In Advance
A team led by researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) discovered that higher levels of five metabolites not only showed increased risk of diabetes in the general population but also determined, among people with traditional risk factors such as obesity, which were most likely actually to develop diabetes. This discovery could prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes for thousands of people.
“Life in all organisms is possible because of metabolism: a series of chemical reactions that do useful things like break down food to provide energy and supply raw materials like proteins and nucleic acids for making and repairing cells.” These cellular processes produce byproducts, called metabolites, small molecules that enter the bloodstream, and which researchers, using new and emerging technologies, are getting better and better at measuring.”
By identifying these metabolites a person has a better chance of making lifestyle changes early enough to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. At this time it is unknown if any of the metabolites can be corrected using medications or other medical procedures.