Diabetic Women 40 Percent More Likely to Suffer Heart Attacks Than Men
A large-scale study including nearly 11 million patients found that women with diabetes are about 40 percent more likely to suffer serious heart complications than men.
The research was a systematic review of 19 separate studies, revealing that heart attack and angina are far more common in women with diabetes than in their male counterparts.
Geographic regions represented in the studies were North America, Europe, Asia, Canada and China.
The findings were reported this week at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes' annual meeting in Stockholm.
Women, diabetes, and heart health
According to the American Diabetes Association, one in three women will die of heart disease, and the condition is the leading cause of death in women with diabetes.
Women with type 2 diabetes may develop heart disease after they are diagnosed with diabetes, while women with type 1 diabetes may develop heart complications earlier in life.
The ADA recommends women with diabetes protect against heart disease - which can be caused by high blood pressure, abdominal obesity, and poor insulin control - by exercising regularly, not smoking, eating a low-fat diet, maintaining a healthy weight and becoming aware of hereditary factors that might cause heart disease.
"We should avoid sexual prejudice in cardiovascular disease, take all necessary steps to diagnose it early, and control risk factors comprehensively to guarantee the most suitable treatments and best possible outcomes in female patients," the authors concluded.
The study is published in Diabetologia.
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