Connection Between Diabetes and Obesity Discovered
A team of researchers and scientists at Walter and Eliza Hall Institute believe they have made an accurate connection between diabetes and obesity. Professor Len Harrison and Dr John Wentworth have been able to prove that inflammation-causing cells in fat tissue could very well be the missing link.
"We have shown that insulin resistance in human obesity is closely related to the presence of inflammatory cells in fat tissue, in particular a population of macrophage cells," Professor Harrison said. What that means is that the macrophage cells that normally fight infection in non-obese people become inflamed.
When the cells become inflamed, they cannot communicate with the other cells properly and this causes the cells that normally react to the hormone insulin to become impaired and resistant to the insulin hindering it useless.
"Encouragingly, our study also showed that when obese people lost weight the macrophages in the fat tissue disappeared, as did the risk of developing insulin resistance and diabetes," Professor Harrison said.
In the past few years, the number of weight loss surgeries in diabetics has risen greatly and with mostly positive results that have left many of the surgical patients only needing small does of medication or in some cases no medication at all.
Source: Penny Fannin Walter and Eliza Hall Institute