A Cure for Type 2 Diabetes? Lose 1 Gram of Fat
Losing just one gram of fat can help to reverse type 2 diabetes, but where that fat comes from makes all the difference in the world.
Researchers from the University of Newcastle found that a slight dip in pancreatic fat was enough to lesson symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
Based on the findings, the team concluded that excess fat in the pancreas is a symptom specific to type 2 diabetes, as even obese patients without diabetes did not have high levels of fat build-up in this organ.
"If you ask how much weight you need to lose to make your diabetes go away, the answer is 1 gram! But that gram needs to be fat from the pancreas," said lead study author Roy Taylor. "At present the only way we have to achieve this is by calorie restriction by any means – whether by diet or an operation."
Results from gastric bypass
The study included 18 obese patients with type 2 diabetes who were tracked both before and after gastric bypass surgery.
The surgery enabled patients to burn off extra fat in the pancreas and restore insulin levels to normal.
"In other words, they were diabetes free," a press release on the study stated.
All the participants lost the same amount of weight following the surgery - about 13 percent of their body weight - but diabetics lost 1.2 percent of that fat from the pancreas. In people without diabetes, pancreatic fat levels after gastric bypass stayed the same.
"The decrease in pancreas fat is not simply related to the weight loss itself. It is not something that might happen to anyone whether or not they had diabetes. It is specific to Type 2 diabetes," Taylor said. "What is interesting is that regardless of your present body weight and how you lose weight, the critical factor in reversing your Type 2 diabetes is losing that 1 gram of fat from the pancreas."
Source: Science Alert
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